An opera in three acts for orchestra, chorus and soloists.
Music by Philip Glass. Text adapted from the Bhagavad-Gita. Libretto (Sanskrit) by the composer and Constance DeJong.
2S, 2Mz, 2T, Bar, 2B; SATB (large chorus) 3 (pic).3.3(bcl).2/0.0.0.0/eorg/str
Commissioned by the City of Rotterdam
September 5, 1980 in Rotterdam by the Netherlands Opera and the Utrechts Symfonie Orkest, Conducted by Christopher Keene
The second in Glass’ trilogy about men who changed the world, Satyagraha’s sub-text is politics. The opera is semi-narrative in form and deals with Mahatma Gandhi’s early years in South Africa and his development of non-violent protest into a political tool. (“Satyagraha” is a Sanskrit word meaning “truth force”).
The first two acts each contain three scenes; the last is one continuous scene. Each act is dominated by a single historic figure (non-singing role) overlooking the action from above: the Indian poet Ravindranath Tagore in Act I the Russian author Leo Tolstoy in Act II, the American Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr in Act III.
Dunvagen Music Publishers
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